Ngorongoro Crater

National Park

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a World Heritage Site is located 180 kilometres from Arusha City. The largest feature of this are is the Ngorongoro Crater, the largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic
caldera in the world. Nicknamed ‘the Garden of Eden’ for its beauty and because it was where humans
and animals lived in peace together for thousands of years, the Crater is the most untouched wildlife
area in the world. 

The Crater is home to the densest population of wildlife in the world, including the Big Five (buffalo, elephant, rhinoceros, lion and leopard). It is home to approximately 25,000 large animals, including hippopotamus, rhinoceros, zebra, waterbucks, wart hogs, and East African wild dogs. In the southwest of the Crater, thousands of flamingoes inhabit Lake Magadi
The Crater formed when a large volcano erupted and collapsed on itself 2 to 3 million years ago. It is 1,800 meters above sea level, 610 meters deep and covers 260 square kilometers. There are two active volcanoes to the northeast of the Conservation Area (Empakaai caldera and Kerimasi and Ol Doinyo Lengai). The Ol Doinyo Lengai is still active and last erupted in 2007 and 2008. This volcano is known as the Maasai’s ‘Mountain of God.’
As part of your visit to the Crater, you can also visit Olduvai Gorge, one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world. Olduvai Gorge is a steep ravine in the Great Rift Valley that stretches across East Africa and is located in the eastern Serengeti Plains in the Arusha Region close to Laetoli, another important archeological site